Difference between Eyebags and Dark Eye Circles

Dr Y.B. Choong | Medical Aesthetics Doctor | Cienna Aesthetics Medical Clinic

Dr Y.B. Choong

Medical Aesthetics Doctor


It’s important to understand that there are several treatment options available in the market which may achieve similar results from the ones listed here. This article is also not meant to suggest that the treatments we offer are the only sole or best options.

The eyes are often considered the windows to the soul, but they can also reveal signs of fatigue, stress, and ageing. Two common concerns related to the eyes are eyebags and dark eye circles, which, while often appearing together, have distinct causes and treatments. In this article, we’ll explore the differences between eyebags and dark eye circles and discuss strategies to address these common cosmetic issues.


Eyebags refer to the swelling or puffiness that develops beneath the lower eyelids, giving the illusion of puffy eyes. They are typically caused by several factors:

  1. Ageing: As we age, the skin and muscles around the eyes weaken, leading to sagging and the accumulation of fat in the lower eyelid area.
  2. Genetics: Family history can play a significant role in the development of eye bags, as genetic factors can influence the structure of the under-eye area.
  3. Fluid Retention: Retaining excess fluid due to factors like salty diets, allergies, or hormonal changes can lead to temporary puffiness around the eyes.
  4. Sleep Deprivation: Lack of sleep can cause blood vessels to dilate, leading to dark circles and making eye bags more noticeable.
  5. Loss of Volume: As we age, the deep fat compartment supporting the eye gradually diminishes, leading to fat protrusion and soft tissue around the lower eye descending downwards, forming eye bags.

Dark Eye Circles:

Dark eye circles, on the other hand, refer to the discolouration or hyperpigmentation of the skin under the eyes. They can be caused by various factors:

  1. Genetics: Like eye bags, genetic predisposition can make some individuals more prone to dark eye circles.
  2. Thin Skin: The skin under the eyes is thinner, making blood vessels and pigmentation more visible.
  3. Fatigue and Sleep: Lack of sleep, fatigue, and stress can cause the skin to appear paler, making blood vessels and dark circles more prominent.
  4. Allergies: Allergic reactions can lead to inflammation and darkening of the under-eye area.
  5. Sun Exposure: Excessive sun exposure can increase melanin production, contributing to dark circles.
  6. Loss of Volume: As we age, the deep fat pad in the lower eye layer gradually diminishes. This contributes to the depression around the lower eye and increases shadow, forming dark eye circles.

Treatment Options:

While some degree of eyebags and dark eye circles can be a natural part of ageing or genetics, several treatments and lifestyle changes can help reduce their appearance:

1. Topical Products: Eye creams containing ingredients like caffeine, retinol, and peptides can help improve the appearance of both eyebags and dark circles.

2. Sleep and Stress Management: Prioritise quality sleep and practice stress-reduction techniques to minimise their impact on your eyes.

3. Dietary Changes: Reducing salt intake and staying hydrated can help alleviate fluid retention that leads to puffiness.

4. Medical Treatments: In some cases, medical treatments like dermal fillers, laser therapy, or radiofrequency may be recommended by a dermatologist or medical aesthetic clinic for more significant improvements. These procedures are usually non-invasive and have minimal downtime, providing almost instant results compared to topical products, sleep management and dietary changes which require time to see results. The effect created by these medical treatments also lasts for months up to a year or so, depending on the individual.

Replenishing lost volume around the eyes, dermal fillers can diminish the appearance of puffy eye bags by plumping the skin, creating a tighter look and reducing the visibility of puffiness.

An advanced non-invasive laser treatment like the 4D SP Dynamis Laser is designed to eliminate under-eye puffiness. This technology targets and reduces fat deposits responsible for the puffiness around the eyes.

5. Cosmetic Concealers: Makeup can be used to provide temporary coverage of dark circles while other treatments take effect.

It’s essential to understand that the effectiveness of treatments can vary based on individual factors, including the cause and severity of your eye bags and dark eye circles. Consulting a medical professional or dermatologist is advisable to determine the most suitable treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and concerns. Overall, a combination of lifestyle changes and targeted treatments can help you achieve a brighter and more refreshed appearance around your eyes.


There are other possible options available when it comes to some of these aesthetic treatments. The information and advice published on or made available through this website is for informational purposes and not intended to replace the professional advice of a trained health professional.

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